Annual report 2016

  • ahdaa
  • October 10, 2018

Social, Political and Economic Framework Conditions in the Reporting Period

  1. In the country and in the region

Within the country in General:
Overview of Central region:
Central region of Afghanistan is one of the largest regions of the country consist of province of Kabul, Parwan, Maidan Wardak, Sari Pul, Bamyan and Daykundi where these province are located around Kabul as a circle. Most of the central provinces are located in mountain areas. Different categories of population living in central region which includes Tajik, Uzbak, Hazara, Turkaman etc… the average of ethnic groups are vary from one to another province. Most of the people living in these provinces especially in Kabul consist of whom who work for the government as civil servant.
Most of the income generation activities in central provinces include agriculture, handicraft, Gardening and livestock. Most of these productions are consumed internally within the mentioned provinces while limited part of their production is reaching to national market.  Considering the fact that most of the provinces under central region are located in mountain areas, they are venerable to different types of natural disasters (ex. Flood, earthquake, avalanche and partially drought.  As other parts of the country, people in central region are suffering from health, education, agriculture etc… problem.  There is partial security in Kabul, Parwan, Maidan Wardak and Baghlan while in the provinces of Bamyan and Daykundi, security situation is reasonable where very limited security incidences has happened in the recent year and these provinces (Bamyan and Daykundi) are considered as secured provinces by ISNO. One of the main reasons for good security is that most of the people are Hazara who live in these provinces.

Overview of Daykundi:
Daykundi, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 723,980 which is a Hazara Province.
Daykundi is short, it is located in central highland region of Afghanistan and is bordered with Ghazni to the east, Uruzgan to the south, Helmand to the south west, Ghor to the south west and north  and Bamyan to the north east. The province covers an area of 16.655km2. Almost the whole province (96.6%) is mountainous or semi mountainous terrain while only 2.6% of the area is made up of flat or semi flat land. About 99% of the population lives in rural areas.
Since the establishment of the province nearly a decade ago, the province has extended its security having the best of all provinces and has increased education surpassing even Kabul in the number of those passing university entrance exams. The province, began its transition in December 2011, maintains its own security through the Afghan police and military.
While the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, the United Nations, and NATO‘s ISAF forces have had little involvement in reconstruction in the province, there have been some initiatives.
The United States began building new government institutions in the province. The insurgency problem and shortage of food continued until 2012. Several government officials have warned in October 2012 that “If the government or NGOs (non-governmental organization) do not address the situation with proper assistances, Daikundi would witness many deaths this winter.
The total population of Daykundi province is estimated to around 723,980, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural tribal society. The ethnic Hazaras make up 86% of the total population of the province followed by Pashtuns at 8.5%, Balochs 3.5% and Sayyids 2%. All the inhabitants follow Islam, with Shi’as the majority and Sunnis as the minority. Languages spoken in the province include Dari, Hazaragi, Pashto, and Balochi.

Food Security and Agriculture:
Daykundi is ranked as “high risk”[1] due to acute food insecurity in winter and spring lean seasons and the populations’ vulnerability to shocks. 2.5 percent (9,716 people) are very severely food insecure and 20.9 percent (81,686 people) are food insecure. According to the 2013 IPC analysis report, 18.4 per cent of the population (75,587 individual) experience “crisis” food situation and 17.3 percent (71,068 individual) people live under “emergency”. Daykundi province is expected to shift from IPC Phase 3 (crisis) to Phase 4 (emergency) due to the drought expansion, inadequate food availability and poor access to markets. The continuation of dryness will exacerbate the already food insecure areas of Sangi Takht and Ishtarlay districts.  There is significant annual deficit of wheat due to lack of arable lands.

Daykundi is highly vulnerable to negative health impacts due to the poor performance and coverage of the public health system, compounded by scattered population, harsh terrain, extreme weather and recurrent natural disasters. Difficult or no accessibility is a reason of very high vulnerability for 30-39[2] per cent of the population in Khadir, Gizab, Sangi Takht, Ishtarlay, Gaiti and Kajran districts. Low vaccination coverage is the cause of high vulnerabilities for 74.6% of population in Ishtarlay, Khadir, Gizab, Sangi Takht, Nili and Gaiti districts. Shahristan, Nili, Miramor and Ishtarlay districts recorded the highest number of diseases outbreaks in Daykundi.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene:
Daykundi is a high ranking WASH province and is prone to drought and flash floods. Cluster presence and access to the province is limited. Access to safe drinking water index is very high with low availability of water point per families and is a cause of high vulnerability to water related diseases.

Sang Takht Bandar disterict:
Sang Takht Bandr is is one of the big districts of Daykundy having 270km2 land (as per information from district governmental department) and has a total of 324 villages. As per information from AIRD, 59.3% mountainous, 28.2% semi mountainous, 4.8% flat areas, 5.9% semi flat areas. As per report from central statistics on (1391) Sang Takht Bandar has 86440 people population. There are 14 governmental departments active in this district where a total of 28 staff are working in these departments.

Security in Sang Takht Bandar:
Security in this district is fine and there is high possibility for NGOs to conduct their activities in safe environment. There are a total of 600KM length streets without esfalt and raising difficult movement for the people.

Education in Sang Takht Bandar:
A total fo 41 primary schools (only up to 3rd class) are active in this district including 37 mixed for male and female and 4 schools only for female students. Total of 8 secondary schools (up to 6th class) including 6 mixed and 2 female schools, 14 intermediate schools (up to 9th class) all mixed girls and boys and finally there are 19 high schools (up to 12th class) including 17 mixed for girls and boys and 2 only for girls. In total 15402 students including 8283 male and 7119 female are studying in these schools. 385 teachers including 223 male and 162 female. Out of the entire schools, only 8 schools are equiped with buildings.

Health in Sang Takht Bandar:
Life expectency is reported 65 year in this district and mortality rate is 5% for adult and 6% for children. Pregnancy rate for the women is 6 children pere women. 30% of the children got vaccination. Only 30% of the population has access to health services in this district.
The main diseases in this district include pneumonia, Tuberculosis, diarrhea, measles. In total 2 comprehensive health centers, 31 health posts and 8 pharmacies exist in this district. Maximum distance to the clinics from district center is 45km. There are no doctors in this district while the health services are mainly provided by the med-level workers.

Agriculture and livestock in Sang Takht Bandar:
85% of the population in this district earns income from agriculture and livestock and agriculture. There are a total of 104790 Jirib land in this district which shows and average of 2 Jirib land per family in this district. In total 15790 Jirib lands are accessed to water and 89000 Jirib lands are not accessed to water. 50% of the population has access to safe drinking water (10% people get water through hand pump, 40% gets through springs, 20% gets water through water well and 30% gets water from neighboring villages). No agriculture and livestock cooperation exist in this district. Around 80% of the population lives under poverty line, a total of 1000 women are the head of household and finally there are a total of 1800 persons with

  1. Changes during the project period:
    1.1 Organisational changes
    The following organizational changes have been done within AHDAA over 2016:

    • AHDAA completed the entire requirements for its registration to CHF (Common Humanitarian Funding) under UNHCR. Through this registration, AHDAA is expected to get access to further funding opportunity in the future. However, the full registration process is expected to be completed over 2017.
    • AHDAA has been officially got the membership for ACBAR. The membership with ACBAR is expected to expand the opportunity for AHDAA to be part of broader NGO communities.
    • AHDAA provided intensive trainings for its staff on the revised policies as well as focused on building stronger team to improve the quality of work.
    • Finalized revision of all AHDAA internal policies (admin, finance, logistic, communication and advocacy policies)
    • AHDAA developed different training manuals (i.e. DRR Manual, Cultivation improve wheat seed Manual, Cultivation vegetable Manual, Animal husbandry Manual, Vaccination of Animal Manual, Advocacy Manual and Conflict Resolution Manual)

During 2nd May 2017, a robbery happened in AHDAA sub office in Sang-Takht Banda district of Daykundy. In this robbery, fortunately no causality from AHDAA staff but around 11000 Afs, 9 mobile, 2 laptop computer, 1 camera, 1 GPS, 1 TV and 1 receiver. The executive director and project manager had to travel to the field for investigation and as a result the thiefs were not identified but policed raised their serious attention on providing better security services for AHDAA team. Community members and Shura structures ensured their full support and gurantee for facilitation of better security for AHDAA staff. And finally, AHDAA had to change its sub office and find a new house in a more secure area of the district.

 1.2 Operational changes
The following operational changes have been done during the project implementation period:

  • The project duration has been extended from 6 to 11 months
  • As part of the project extension period, new activities have been included in the project proposal i.e. one water reservoir in Sarqul village, construction of protection wall in Sarqul, construction of gabion wall in Dyar Miana, rehabilitation of Mill and also installation of hydropower system in Korjoy.
  • Due to the fact that some of the construction activities conflicted with cold weather, AHDAA requested for no cost extension for the project which was accepted by DKH.

Rest of the project activities remained the same and implemented as it was planned.

 1.3 Cooperation with other organisations and aid agencies
Before the implementation of Project AHDAA ensured close coordination with NGOS who were working in Sang Takhat Bandar District of Daykundy such as( RCDC,RORA ,CRS, DACAR and OXFAM) to avoid any duplication of the project activities in the targeted area.
During the reporting period we had close contact with Economic ministry of Afghanistan, Economic Department, RRD Department, education Department and ANDMA Department of Daykundy province.
Also we had close coordination with district authority’s sectorial department, District CDC in Sang Takht Bandar district of daykundy province for implementation in the target area.
We had coordination meetings with CDC and 3 target Community (Dyar Miana, Korjoy and Sar e qul) for cooperation, community Contribution, implementation, Monitoring, Evaluation and Andover of the project to CDC and CBDRM committees in 3 targeted villages.
At Herat level, AHDAA continued its close coordination with national and international organizations through its active participation in in different cluster meetings (i.e. WASH, agriculture, FSAC and child protection)

 1.4 Inputs utilized for project implementation, including staff, funds, goods, transportation, equipment and tools, and list of capital assets, explaining future use after project closure
1) Establishment of sub office in Drop Valley village
Since it was the first experience of AHDAA in Daykundy, at the beginning of the project AHDAA established its sub office in Sang Takht-Bandar district located in a secured location (Shenya Ghala). A reasonable house consists of 4 room, storage, hygiene facilities etc…. has been rented by AHDAA. The location and other relevant details of AHDAA’s sub office in Daykundy have been officially shared with district department and other relevant departments of the districts who provided the necessary support and orientation on security aspect.

2) Coordination with strategic project stakeholders in DRR and education at provincial and district levels.
AHDAA actively participated in stakeholder’s forums and ensured proper coordination with relevant governmental and nongovernmental partners in Sang-Takht Bandar district of Daykundy as well as at provincial level. As a summary, the following coordination activities were carried out during the course of this project:

a. Official registration of the project in Economy department was done and the entire relevant project documents have been shared with relevant governmental departments.
b.During May 25, 16 an orientation session has been conducted with relevant district departments participated by district governor, representative from national security department, head of police and Shura members (total 6 people). The session was chaired by Eng. Abdul Aziz Sarwary – Executive director for AHDAA. During this session, the entire project details (including its objectives, results and activities, project location etc…) have been shared with participants and also the AHDAA team emphasized on the role of governmental departments and Shura structures during implementation and monitoring of the project activities. This productive session provided the opportunity for AHDAA to ensure full governmental and Shura participation in support and monitoring from the project’s progress and contributed to a better quality of project activities.
c. During May 25th, 26th and 27th 2016, 3 coordination meetings were conducted with Shura members and key community members in Sarqul, Dyar Miana and Korjoy of Dorop valley. The meeting focused on introduction of the team and Shura members to each other’s, defined the role and responsibilities of the communities and AHDAA toward project implementation, established the working groups for DRR activities, agreed on a space for stock to store the construction materials (stock was contributed by community members), agreed on project plan and finally, to ensure better accessibility for transportation of construction materials, community members agreed to rehabilitate the street connecting Sheni-Qala to Sarqul villages.
d. Official registration of the project in Economy ministry is done in Kabul center of Afghanistan and toke letter from ministry to economic department of Daykundy for coordination to relevant department of stakeholders.
In addition to above mentioned coordination activities, AHDAA continued maintaining its close participation to different coordination forums in Herat province in order to stay informed about the recent challenges and developments in regards to WASH, DRR and other protection matters. More specifically, AHDAA actively participated to the following forums:
e. FSAC coordination meetings
f. WASH cluster meetings
g. Protection cluster
h. PDC-DRR coordination meetings
i. ACBAR meetings
j. INSO security meetings
k. Other meetings part of NGOs

Staff recruitment:
During the reporting period, according to AHDAA, HR policy and employment procedure, in consideration of budget, the following staffs have been recruited for the project:

Name of staff Number Position Duration Month %
Administrative staff
Eng. Abdul Aziz Sarwari 1 Director 11 month 15%
Omid Ahmad Fayez 1 Finance Manager 11 month 15%
Dr. Farhad Faqhiri 1 Admin Manager 11 month 15%
Abdul Sattar karimi 1 Logistic Manager 11 month 15%
Project Personnel
Eng. Moh. Yosuf Etamad 1 Project Manager 11 month 100%
Said Abdul Wase 1 Admin/Finance Officer 11 month 100%
Omid Gul 1 Project engineer 9 month 100%
Abdullah 1 Community Moblizer/ Health educator male 5 month 100%
Bomaneh 1 Community Moblizer/ Health educator female 5 month 100%
Safder Ali 1 Foreman 9 month 100%
Khodadad 1 Guard/Cook 11 month 100%
Ali Joma 1 Guard 6 month 100%


4) Purchasing/procurement and logistics
Hiring a vehicle for staff transportation:
In line with procurement policy of AHDAA and with consideration of available budget for the project, one FlyingCoach car has been rented for 11 months’ period to support the staff movements in the project field.
Procurement of office equipment:
In line with procurement policy of AHDAA and in consideration of available budget, AHDAA purchased the entire needs for office equipment in Daykundy. In total, 234807 AFN equipment have been purchased while 106077 AFN have been covered by the project and 128730 AFN amount have been covered by AHDAA. The entire equipment has been included in stock list of AHDAA. Further details about the type of equipment have been reflected in financial report

NO Item Unit Quantity Used Status
1 Sub office equipment Package 1 Office Good
2 Equipment for construction Package 1 Construction Used
3 Cement Bag 1764 Construction Used
4 Steel bar 12mm Kg 6353 Construction Used
5 Steel bar 6 mm Kg 252 Construction Used
6 Steel bar 1/5 mm Kg 95 Construction Used
7 Polyethylene pip related connections Package 1 Construction Used
9 Hygiene  Toolkit No 567 hygiene toolkit Good
10 Stone M3 407 Construction Used
11 First Aid  Toolkit No 45 First aid toolkit Distributed
12 Gravel & Sand M3 280 Construction Used
13 DRR  Toolkit kit 21 DRR Toolkit Distributed
17 Molding wage M2 293 Construction Used
18 Steel work kg 6680 Construction Used
21 Skill labor man/day 248 Construction Used
22 Net for gabion M2 2260 Construction Used
23 Stone for Gabion M3 753 Construction Used
24  Latrine equipment package 26 Construction Used
31 Pipe   scheme  maintenance Toolkit Toolkit 3 Construction Used
49 Skill labor man/day 248 Construction Used
50 Labor man/day 153 Construction Used
60 Hydro power package 1 Construction Used


The following materials were provided during project implementation


No Items Quntitiy Purpsoe of Use Status Remarks
1 DRR and Hygiene promotion manual 1200 chapter For CBDRM committies and task force groups , teachers and students of targeted High schools Utilized
2 DRR Toolkit 21 kit To be used in Disaster risk reduction Utilized 19 disterbuted in three target villages and tow disterbiuted in drop high schools
3 Hygiene toolkit 400 kit For observing better hygiene and sanitation and change in thier live habit Utilized

All the Above items are registered in DKH project inventory which is maintaining and updating by AHDAA logistic officer.
The project purchased materials and assets which remain active after the project implementation will be attached in Logistic inventory and will be used in other DKH projects in future.

Project Activities Implemented
3.1  Project activities implemented and results achieved during entire project period:
Expected result 1:
Coping mechanism of the 3 targeted communities are strengthened in terms of DRR through the establishment of CBDRM committees and task force groups

Activity 1.1: Formation of 3 CBDRM committees (including male and female members in each community) in Diar Miana, Kor Joy and Sar Qul villages under Drop valle
After initial orientation sessions for key community members (i.e. Shura members, CDC members and other community elders), AHDAA organized meeting with participation of key community elders (ensuring women’s participation in the meetings) to discuss on establishment of CBDRM committees in targeted communities. In total 3 meetings were conducted in 3 targeted communities and as the result, 3 CBDRM committees have been established. The entire committee members consist of 42 members including 18 members (9 male and 9 female) in Dyar Miana, 12 members (6 male and 6 female) in Korjoy and 12 members (6 male and 6 female) Sarqul communities.

The following criteria have been considered for selection of CBDRM committee members:

  • The members shall work as volunteers
  • The members shall be already member of CDC
  • The members shall be between 18 – 65
  • The member shall be respected by the community members
  • The members shall be diversified from different ethics of the communities

The entire 36 selected CBDRM committee members ensured their full commitment to support DRR activities
Activity 1.2: Formation of one CBDRM committee in Dorop high school located in Shenee village
In close coordination with school’s teachers and students, one CBDRM committee has been officially established on Aug 13, 2016 in Dorop high school located in Shinee villages. The committee consists of 32 members including 12 male teachers, 4 female teachers, 8 male students and 8 female students. The entire committee members received orientation session (2 hours) on the role and responsibilities of the committee. The committee members expressed their full commitment toward mitigation activities during, before and after disasters in their respected school. Over the course of project implementation, the committee members from schools had shown quite active involvement in regards to preparedness toward DRR interventions.
Activity 1.3: Formation of Task Force groups in 3 targeted villages
In consideration of the methodologies and approaches described under activity 1.1 of this report, AHDAA supported the community members in 3 targeted communities to establish 12 task force groups (4 groups per community).
The following groups have been established in targeted communities:

  • First aid group
  • Shelter Management group
  • Search & rescue Group
  • Early warning group

The group’s members are varying from one to another group depending on the population size of the communities. Below table shows the number of group members in each of the targeted communities:

    First Aid Group Shelter Management group Search & rescue  Group Early warning group Total
No Village Male Fem Male Fem Male Fem Male Fem
1 Dyar Miana in Sang Takhat and Bandar District  


















2 Korjoy in Sang Takhat and Bandar District 5 4 2 2 3 0 2 0 30
3 Sar e qul in Sang Takhat and Bandar District 7 7 2 3 4 0 2 0 37
4 Total 21 19 9 8 15 0 8 0 80


It was initially expected to include a total of 60 members under task force groups but after practical review on the population size and number of sub villages in the communities, it was decided by the Shura structures to allocate more number of community members for task force groups and thus, the number raised from 60 to 80 people (53 male and 27 female)
The main role of these task forces groups are to be prepared before and during disaster events in order to provide the relevant supportive actions for the community members who are at the risk of disasters. Indeed, they are the active players of disaster response’s cycles (including non-disaster doing preparedness actions, before disaster doing preparedness and early warning plus coordination and during disaster doing response and recovery actions and finally, after disaster doing prevention and rehabilitation actions).
Expected result 2:
Coping mechanism of the 3 target communities are enhanced through DRR awareness at community and school levels
Activity 2.1: Training for CBDRM committees and task force groups
During the project period, AHDAA organized the entire trainings that were planned as per initial plan of the project. The following trainings were organized during the course of this project:

    • Definition of search and rescue
    • Role of task groups in search and rescue (during non-disaster, pre disaster, during disaster and after disaster)
    • The theoretical and practical specific skills that a search and rescue member shall have (during non-disaster, pre disaster, during disaster and after disaster) 42 CBDRM committee members (21 male and 21 female) received 6 days training on DRR, advocacy skills and conflict resolution (2 days on DRR, 2 days on advocacy skills and 2 days on conflict resolution). These trainings were conducted by Eng. M. Yosuf Etamad with support from community mobilizers. The trainings were covered by the following topics:
      DRR training:

      • Principles of disaster risk reduction
      • Types of Hazard in Afghanistan
      • Type of hazards in Daykundi with more specific focus on Sang Takht district specially Drop Valley
      • Information about flood, Drought and impact
      • Evacuation plan (Practice)
      • Role and responsibility of CBDRM committees and task force groups in tacking action on non-disaster, before disaster, during disaster and after disaster for reducing risk,
      • Case studies, After Disaster scenario, loss of lives and properties related

      The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 60% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 20% knowledge about DRR before the course and 80% at the end of the course.
      Advocacy skills training:

      • Definition of advocacy
      • Objectives of advocacy
      • What can be advocated?
      • How can be advocated?
      • Who can be targeted for advocacy at community, district, provincial and national level
      • Who can take part in advocacy activities
      • How to manage advocacy activities

      The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 55% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 15% knowledge about advocacy before the course and 70% at the end of the course.
      Conflict resolution training:

      • Definition of conflict
      • Sources of the conflict
      • Role of communication in conflict resolution
      • Distinguish between conflict and fire and how it raised and controlled
      • How a conflict can be controlled
      • Role of people having key role in making conflict
      • How to resolve a conflict

      The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 62% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 18% knowledge about conflict resolution before the course and 80% at the end of the course.
      It was initially expected to focus only on DRR and advocacy trainings for CBDRM committee members but considering the fact that AHDAA realized conflicts among community members especially on proper distribution of community resources, AHDAA decided to allocate 2 days training on conflict resolution and contribute in solving the internal community conflicts.
      However, AHDAA ensured covering the entire dedicated topics for DRR and advocacy skills training through extending the daily time for trainings to cover all topics.

      1. 40 first aid group members received 3 days training on First Aid. The training focused on:
      • What is first aid?
      • Role of first aid groups during and after disaster
      • Referral and follow up system
      • Specific technical skills required for an emergency response for a first aid worker
      • How to prioritize patients during a disaster

      The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 54% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 16% knowledge about first aid before the course and 70% at the end of the course.

      1. 17 members of shelter management groups received 2 days training on shelter management focusing on the following topics:
      • What is the role of task force groups in shelter management?
      • To ensure they have a specific secured address as referent point for people to visit during disaster. (Ensuring separate space for variety of groups including male, female, children, injured etc…). And also, the shelter should be accessible with water, food, toilets etc…
      • How and where to manage the shelters
      • How to facilitate and maintain food and other basic needs
      • And also, how to advice community members toward construction of their new houses to ensure those are not constructed in hazard areas.

      The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 72% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 23% knowledge about DRR before the course and 95% at the end of the course.

      1. 15 search and rescue group members received 2 days training on search and rescue focusing on the following topics:
        The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 69% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 18% knowledge about search and rescue before the course and 87% at the end of the course.
    1. 8 early warning group members received 2 days training on early warning focusing on the following topics:
    • Definition of early warning system
    • Communication of early warning system
    • Methods of early warning system
    • Frequency of early warning system (during non-disaster, pre disaster, during disaster and after disaster)

    The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 53% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 29% knowledge about DRR before the course and 82% at the end of the course.
    And finally, AHDAA in close coordination with CBDRM committee members and Shura structures developed DRR contingency plan for each of the targeted communities. The contingency plans have been properly oriented for the community members where all committee members expressed their fully preparedness to activated the contingency plan whenever needed. (Annex 1. community action plan)
    Activity 2.2: Training on DRR for school’s teachers and students in 3 selected villages
    In close coordination with education department in Sang Takht-Bandar, AHDAA conducted one full day DRR training for 611 school’s members including 306 male students, 289 female students, 8 male teachers and 8 female teachers. These members were from Dorop high school in Shine Qala. Different methodologies were used for this training i.e lecture, brainstorming, group work, practical work.
    Additionally, each participant received one DRR manual which covers the following contents:

    • Principles of disaster risk reduction
    • Types of Hazard in Afghanistan
    • Information about flood, Drought and impact
    • Evacuation plan for Students(Practice)
    • Contingency plans
    • Role and responsibility of teachers in tacking action on non-disaster, before disaster, during disaster and after disaster for reducing risk,
    • Case studies, After Disaster scenario, loss of lives and properties related for school students.

    Each participant received 2 soaps for hand washing and cloth washing instead of their refreshment in the training.
    At the end of the training, 2 DRR toolkits have been distributed for Shanewaz head master of Drop high school which consists of the following items:

    • Tent = 2, Aux = 2, Rope = 20 m, Hacksaw = 2, Speaker = 2, Shawl = 2, Safety cap = 2, Safety glasses = 2, Fire extinguisher = 2
    • Gloves = 2
    • Water flax = 2
    • Doctor uniform = 2
    • First aid box = 2
    • Medical mask = 2
    • Torch = 2
    • Soil kit = 2
    • DRR toolkit frame = 2
    • Eskana = 2
    • Burma = 2
    • Statoscope = 2

    The school’s students and teachers were quite the active groups of people among the target beneficiaries who granted their full support for their communities during disaster events. They expressed that the training helped them to share with wider community members and prevent people from the risk of any upcoming disaster in their communities.
    Activity 2.3:
    Training on DRR for key governmental members in Dorop valley During the project period, a total of 21 key governmental members received 3 days DRR training (Participants include: District governor, executive manager of district, technical manager, community manager, statistic manager, justice manager, Prosecutor, agriculture officer, education manager, Pedagogy manager, head of security, Investigation officer, security officer, finance manager, admin manager, head of clinic, head and deputy of district council and secretor of district council). In total 2 female and 19 male participated in this course. The training has been implemented for a period of 3 days (3.5 hours every day) during Oct 23-25, 2016. The main topics of the training include:

    • DRR definition
    • DRR cycle in Afghanistan context
    • DRR in Daykundy and Sang Takht Bandar’s context
    • DRR analyze in Sang Takht Bandar (as per geoeconomically, climate, social, cultural and security context of this district expressed by the participants)
    • Methods of risk and needs assessment
    • Coordination during risk and needs assessment
    • Data collection and identification of

    The training was conducted by Eng. M. Yosuf Etamad project manager of this project.
    At the end of the course, all participants received DRR manual. And finally, at the end of the course, all participants expressed their full contribution and support for DRR preparedness and intervention in targeted communities.
    Activity 2.4: Distribution of DDRR materials (First aid boxes and DRR toolkits) for CBDRM and task force groups as well as teachers and students:
    A total of 21 DRR toolkits have been distributed for Drop high school (2 kits) and 19 kits were distributed for CBDRM committees in targeted communities. Each DRR tool kit contains:

    • Tent = 1
    • Aux = 1
    • Rope = 10 m
    • Hacksaw = 1
    • Speaker = 1
    • Shawl = 1
    • Safety cap = 1
    • Safety glasses = 1
    • Fire extinguisher = 1
    • Gloves = 1
    • Water flax = 1
    • Doctor uniform = 1
    • First aid box = 1
    • Medical mask = 1
    • Torch = 1
    • Soil kit = 1
    • DRR toolkit frame = 1
    • Eskana = 1
    • Burma = 1
    • Statoscope = 1

Orientation has been provided for the entire DRR committee members on how to use and maintain the DRR toolkits. One person per committee has been appointed to take care of the toolkits. However, the toolkits are being kept in an accessible location for the entire committee members to use it during disasters.
Activity 2.5: Conduct exposure visit for 3 targeted communities
During Oct 26-28, 2016, 3 days exposure visits took place in 3 targeted communities (each day, the visit took in one community). In total 42 participants joined the exposure visit (The participants include community manager from district, 4 CDC members, 1 person from education department, technical manager of district, agriculture manager of district and 32 CBDRM committee members).
The main objectives of these visits were:

  • To ensure learning from experiences gained in these villages on CBDRM activities
  • Build coordination and linkage between the targeted villages
  • Ensure familiarity of the community members with line ministries
  • To present the project’s concept to the governmental departments as a model to replicate it in other communities
  • To ensure transparency and accountability of AHDAA’s activities
  • It was also an opportunity to raise community awareness on DKH as the project’s donor. They expressed their full appreciation for the support provided by DKH

The following activities were carried out during the exposure visits:

  • Visit from established CBDRM committees in 3 targeted villages
  • Visit from Dorop high school
  • Open discussion between participants to share their knowledge on DRR among communities
  • Share knowledge on community participation on DRR
  • Visit construction activities (springs, pipe schemes and Kariz)
  • Visit construction of protection wall
  • Visit the hydropower location
  • Visit latrines in schools and communities
  • Visited the locations destroyed by avalanche and flood
  • Discussed on hygiene and sanitation condition in the communities
  • And also visited the place allocated for water pool

The exposure visit provided an opportunity for the participants to discuss with each other on the ways to prevent disaster risks in their communities and they also had the chance to learn different ways to overcome in disaster situations in their communities.
A participatory approach was used for organization of the exposure visits where all parties (governable members and Shura) were involve in preparation and conduction the exposure visits. The exposure visit was followed by a clear ToR and structured questionnaire which was used as the main baseline for the exposure visits.
The entire costs of the exposure i.e. the transportation and lunches were provided by AHDAA.

Expected result 3:
The water quality and water security situation has improved at community level through WASH infrastructure and WASH awareness raising activities
1.3 Offering DRR dedicated Training/workshop for 1000 boys and girls students in 3 targeted Schools.
Activity 3.1: Conduct pre KAP and post KAP survey in 3 selected communities
Pre KAP survey has been conducted in 3 targeted communities (Sarqul, Dyar Miana and Korjoy). A total of 31 men and 24 women have joined the pre KAP survey which includes:

  • 7 women and 8 men from Sarqul village
  • 9 women and 14 men from Dyar Miana village
  • 4 women and 5 men from Korjoy village
  • 2 female and 2 male students
  • 2 female and 2 male teachers

The main objective of this survey was to assess the level of awareness by community members (teachers, students and community members) toward DRR activities as well as hygiene.
A structured questionnaire for this survey has been used which was developed during former experiences of DKH and AHDAA in this field.
The result of pre KAP survey shows very poor understanding and practice of wider community members toward DRR and hygiene issues.
As it was discussed with DKH representative in Afghanistan, the post KAP survey is under plan for the end of June 2017 which will be analyzed and the report will be shared with DKH upon time.
Activity 3.2 Training for wider community members (including male and female) on how to prevent water borne diseases in 3 selected communities
During the period Aug 14, 16 up to Sep 20, 2016, AHDAA provided 13 session of training for wider community members on hygiene promotion, water sanitation and water source management in Korjoy, Dyar Miana and Sarqul. A total of 400 people including 184 male and 216 female:

  • In Sarqul 53 male and 62 female received training
  • In Dyar Miana 91 male and 102 female received training
  • In Korjoy 40 male and 52 female received trainng.

Each training session was conducted for a period of 6 hours conducted over 3 days (2 hours per day). And the following contents were covered during the training:

  • Hygiene and water sanitation related diseases and their cause
  • Complications and simple ways of prevention of water related diseases
  • Dehydration and its prevention and safe excreta disposal and its role in disease occurrence
  • Prevention of water source contamination source keep up and maintenance
  • Water pollution during handling and keeping, hand washing, safe food handling etc

In addition to the toolkit, each participant (total 400) received one hygiene manual which will be used as a future reference for their use.
The hygiene trainings were conducted by 2 (male and female) community mobilizers/health educators who were expert for this activity through receiving training by AHDAA. Further details about the result of this course will be shared through KAP survey report in June 2017.
Activity 3.3: Distribution of hygiene toolkits in 3 targeted communities
400 hygiene toolkits have been distributed for the people who received hygiene training (details about receivers mentioned under activity 3.2). Each toolkit consisted:

  • One shampoo,
  • One toothpaste,
  • 3 tooth brushes (for family)
  • One face soap,
  • One towel,
  • One nail cutters and
  • One pitcher will use in latrine.

All hygiene toolkit distribution were properly documented by AHDAA where every participant who received hygiene toolkit had to sign on an item delivery format.
Community Led Total Sanitation Training (CLTS)
During implementation of project date of 14th – 17th Apr 2017 was conducted (CLTS) Training by Mr. Aminullhaq DKH Representative of Afghanistan for AHDAA staff and 3 CBDRM committees in Dyar Miana and Dorop Vally in Sang Takht and Bandar district.

  1. Purpose of the training:
    DKH International Organization is supposed to start new CBDRM project in near future in Nawi Sai area of Bander district- Daykundi province
    To support project targeted beneficiaries on elimination of Open defecation, because CLTS involves the entire community in collective action to end open defecation, therefore the above mentioned training facilitated by Aminullhaq “Akhgar” with the close cooperation and good participation of –
  2. Omid Joynda. CBDRM project engineer-Daykundi
  3. Said Wasi –CBDRM Project-Finance and logistic officer -Daykundi
  4. Abdullah Sardari Community Facilitator-CBDRM project
  5. Bomana female Community Facilitator- CBDRM project

Generally, the training continued for 3. and half days including one and half day CLTS office and field demonstration, the training started on 14th to 17th Apr2017 .
At the course of this training Sar e Qul  village of Bander District has visited with the total population of  252 people  and Deyar Myana village with the population of 480 people for CLTS field  demonstration, at first in our arrival in the village, we could find the community so cooperative and more suggestions besides the general points, therefore the project staff could easily followed all CLTS village triggering, village CLTS field demonstration and  showed good acceptance of AHDAA+DKH by local communities in Daykundi targeted villages.

Key Points in CLTS:

  • They involved /affected everyone in the community e.g. total elimination of open defecation,
  • Collective Community decision and collective local action are the keys
  • Social Solidarity and cooperation are seen in abundance
  • They are often locally decided and are not dependent on external subsidies and guidance or pressures
  • Natural Leaders emerge from the collective local actions and they lead future collective initiatives
  • They often don’t follow externally determined mode of development and blue print
  • Local diversity and innovations are the main elements
  1. Activities carried out:
    • History of CLTS
    • Sanitation Status in Afghanistan
    • Definition of Sanitation
    • What is Community Led Total Sanitation(CLTS)
    • Definition between CLTS and contemporary Sanitation
    • CLTS mobilization process /steps
    • Introduction / rapport building: The first stage of the process is when you arrive at the village. You will need to explain the purpose of your visit and build rapport with the community. When CLTS was first initiated, it was undertaken in villages where an NGO already had a program and had established rapport. If this is not the case, you will need to take more time in explaining why you are there.
  • Social mapping: Mapping involves creating a simple map of the community to locate households, resources and problems, and to stimulate discussion. It is a useful tool for getting all community members involved in a practical and visual analysis of the community sanitation situation. The community members will need to identify a large open area of ground where the map can be drawn.
  • Walk of shame/Transect Walk: A transect walk involved walking with community members through the village from one side to the other, observing, asking questions, and listening. During a transect walk for CLTS you could locate the areas of;
  • Solid Waste Dumps
  • Open defecation
  • Paul Water

And visit all the different types of latrines along the way. It is important to stop in the areas of open defecation and spend quite a bit of time there asking questions

  • Calculation of feces: Calculating the amount to feces can help to illustrate the magnitude of the sanitation problem. How much human excreta is being generated by each individual or household per day? Households could use their own methods and local measures for calculating how much they are adding to the problem. The sum of the households then can be added up to produce a figure for the whole community. A daily figure can be multiplied to know how much shit is produced per week, per month or per year. The quantities can add up to a matter of tones and Khirwars which surprised the community.
  • Facts of one gram of human shit consist upon

  • Flow Diagram: In flow diagram community identify the ways though which human excreta come to their mouth.
  • Calculation of Medical Expenses especially Water born/water related Diseases
  • Solution: Then the community is asked what to do to change the situation?
    Different latrine model is shared with the community and low cost model is compared with other and with expanses on water related diseases too.
    Latrine cost is compared with expenses made on water related diseases
    They decide to make solution constructing latrine.

    • Community action plan: If some positive action toward CLTS begins, then extend help and facilitate carefully. The people by informing them that if they could achieve 100 per cent total sanitation and stop open defecation, many people from outside and neighboring villages would come and visit their village to see it. Tell them about the possibilities of their becoming famous as the first open defecation free village in the block, sub-district, district or province.

    Forming a sanitation action group (drawing representatives from all the neighborhoods of the village)
    Making a list or map of households and their present sanitation status
    Developing individual family plans to stop open defecation. In the early days, related households often construct common toilets to share.
    Digging pits and using them as makeshift latrines for the short term
    Getting commitments from better-off families to start constructing latrines immediately
    looking for suppliers of latrine construction materials.

    • Facilitator Needs
    • History of Defecation free villages in Daykundi and other Provinces

    Some picture at the course of facilitating CLTS training at office and CLTS field demonstration

    Figur1-3: Shows facilitating CLTS training for AHDAA Bander staff, Group works and presentation of community social mapping by Abdullah and Bomana community facilitators

Figur4-6: Shows male and female group works and presentation of community social mapping by Omid Joynda Project Engineer and community facilitators

Figur6-9: Shows office CLTS demonstration by community facilitators Abdullah and Bomana Bander AHDAA sub office-Daykundi

Figur 9-12: Shows CLTS field demonstration (CLTS village triggering) and Transect walk (Walk of shame) by AHDAA male and female staff and Sar e Qul communities

Result 4: The 3 targeted communities are more avalanche, flood and drought resilient through construction of small scale disaster mitigation structures, rehabilitation of springs, construction of water reserves, establishment of pipe schemes, rehabilitation of water pool, construction of standing wall and generation of hydro power

Activity 4.1: Rehabilitation of Springs, construction of water reservoir and Installation of pipe schemes and taps in 3 targeted villages:
During the project implementation period, the entire construction activities have been completed. The following construction and rehabilitation activities took place:

  • 4 springs have been rehabilitated in Sarqul village using 31m3 stone masonry, utilization 11 skilled workers, 33 un-skilled workers (the un-skilled workers have been contributed by the communities).
  • 13 springs have been rehabilitated in Dyar Miana village using 200m3 stone masonry, utilizing 65 skilled workers and 195 un-skilled workers (the un-skilled workers have been contributed by the communities). Out of the 13 springs, 5 of those were rehabilitated as KARIZ for irrigation water and 8 were rehabilitated for the use of safe drinking water.
  • 5 springs were rehabilitated in Korjoy using 15m3 stone masonry, utilizing 31 skilled workers and 93 un-skilled workers (the un-skilled workers have been contributed by the communities).
  • One water reservoir has been constructed in Sarqul community for safe drinking water. The capacity of this reservoir is 12000 litters. The construction work was done by 14.5m3 RCC and 2.5m3 PCC. A total of 12 skilled workers and 48 un-skilled workers were utilized for this work (The un-skilled workers were contributed by the communities)
  • One water reservoir has been constructed in Korjoy community for safe drinking water. The capacity of this reservoir is 10000 litters. The construction work was done by 12.5m3 RCC and 2.2m3 PCC. A total of 9 skilled workers and 36 un-skilled workers were utilized for this work (The un-skilled workers were contributed by the communities)
  • Construction of one water pressure controller with capacity of 1.2m3 in Sarqul village. This work was done by 2 skilled workers and 3 un-skilled workers contributed by the communities.
  • In Korjoy village in length of 2505m pipe schemes were installed (including 1512m 2 inches, 200m 1.5 inches, 450m 1 inches and 343m 0.5 inches). For installation of pipe schemes a canal was digged in length of 2505 with 40cm wide and 90cm deep (Total 901.8m3 digging) The canal digging work was done by 901 un-skilled labors contributed by the communities and being filled back after pipe installation by 450 un-skilled workers contributed by the communities.. And also, a total of 13 taps were installed in Korjoy village.
  • In Sarqul village in length of 2545m pipe schemes were installed (including 1100m 2 inches, 150m 1.5 inches, 1200m 1 inches and 95m 0.5 inches). For installation of pipe schemes a canal was digged in length of 2545 with 40cm wide and 90cm deep (Total 916.2m3 digging). The canal digging work was done by 616 un-skilled workers and being filled back after pipe installation by 45 un-skilled labor contributed by the community members. And also, a total of 15 taps were installed in Sarqul village.
  • In Dyar Miana village in length of 550m pipe schemes were installed. For installation of pipe schemes a canal was digged in length of 550 with 40cm wide and 90cm deep (Total 198m3 digging). The canal digging work was done by 198 un-skilled workers and being filled back after pipe installation by 99 un-skilled labor contributed by the community members. And also, a total of 3 taps were installed in Dyar Miana village.
  • One water pool has been constructed in length of 20m width 15m, height 1.20m. the water pool has been constructed by 68m3 RCC, 23m3 PCC.
    • One protection wall has been constructed for water pool in length of 18.5 and wide of 1m and height of 2m (A total volume of wall 37m3 constructed by stone masonry) Constructed by 14 skill worker and 56 un skill worker by community contribution.
    • 4 protection walls in length of 376m and height of 2m wide of 1m have been constructed by gabion a total volume 753m3 utilizing by 81 skill workers and 648 un-skill workers by community contribution in Dyar Miana. For protection of agriculture/irrigation lands from flood.
    • One protection wall constructed by stone masonry for protection of turbine by 23m3 stone masonry utilizing by 9 skill workers and 36 un skill works by community contribution for rehabilitation of stream has been constructed by 9.5m3 stone masonry utilizing by 3 skill worker and 14 un skill worker by community contribution.One turbine house has been constructed by length of 4*4*3m by volume 9.8m3 RCC.As raised above, the entire construction and rehabilitation activities were closely identified prioritized and implemented jointly with the community members where active contribution of community members were also ensured toward facilitating the construction/rehabilitation activities. Further details about in-kind contribution of the communities will be shared through finance report.
      Activity 4.2: Construction of latrines in 3 selected villages
      A total of 26 latrines were constructed in 3 targeted villages (7 in Sarqul, 14 in Dyar Miana, 4 in Korjoy and 1 in drop high school). These latrines were constructed inside the houses where there were no latrines plus 2 in Drop high school. The locations of the latrines were selected in close coordination with Shura members who were familiar with the needs. For construction of these latrines 52m3 stone masonry (including 28m3 in Dyar Miana done by 14 skilled workers and 56 un-skilled labor, 8m3 In Korjoy done by 4 skilled workers and 16 un-skilled workers and finally 14m3 in Sarqul done 7 skilled workers and 28 un-skilled workers). The entire un-skilled workers have been contributed by the community member. All latrines are equipped with water tap and metallic doors maintaining the minimum standards to be properly capitalized by other communities if they decide to use these models for construction of latrines in their communities.
      Activity 4.3: Construction of protection wall to prevent flood in one targeted village
      In total 6 protections walls has been constructed in 3 targeted communities. The construction work includes:
      Activity 4.4: Generation of hydropower in Korjoy village of Dorop valley
      It was initially planned to construct the hydropower system in Korjoy through rehabilitation of existing Mill in Korjoy village but after technical assessment by the external company who sent experts to the field in presence of AHDAA, community leaders, representative from district and Mr. Akhgar representative from DKH, they found that there is no enough water to produce suitable voltage of electricity in this location and also the Mill was located in a very hazard location which could be destroyed by the flood and thus, the community decided to shift the Mill in Dahan Dorop which is about 3 km away from Mill location. As the result, the hydropower and Mill has been activated within the community. The following technical work done for activation of the hydropower system:

      • Digging of foundation (16m3)
      • Leveling and marking of Mill canal in length of 1km by AHDAA project’s engineer and technical staff
      • Digging of Mill canal in length of 1km and wide of 0.8m and deep of 0.6m (480m3)
      • Excavation of turbine pool 32.8m3
      • Turbine house and rehabilitation of mill was constructed in lent of 4m, width 4m and height of 3.5m
      • By volume of 9.8m3RCC, 3m3PCC Stone masonry 44.8m3 for generation of hydropower following equipment was installed
      • Installed of a fan which will be used for acceleration of turbine
      • Installed of a turbine for generation of electricity
      • Installed a dynamo 3fas in capacity of 30 kilowatt electric
      • Installed of a transformer to control the village of electricity
      • Installed 13 wood Colum in the length of 500m
      • Installed 3fas and 1 zero electricity wire in length of 500m to the village the total of wire electricity 2000m.

      Finally, the Mill got activated and the hydropower reached to individual houses where people benefit from light overnight. The hydropower has the capacity for 30KW which enough for at least 4 communities but at present, the electricity is only allocated for one community. Cost recovery system has been established by the communities where every family shall pay a monthly sum of 40 Afs per lamp that they use in their houses. The cost recovery fund will be then used for maintenance of the hydropower system which ensures sustainability of this work.

      1. Goals reached and their impacts
        1. Comparison of specified goals with goals actually reached

      The overall objective of this project is: To establish 3 disaster resilient communities in Sang Takh and Bandar district of Daykundi province in Afghanistan
      The overall goal of this project was completely achieved through establishment of sustainable DRR committees through community level resources and building the capacity of entire committee members and task force groups on DRR, WASH and conflict resolution. We believe, building the capacity of CBDRM committee members on advocacy skills will help them to attract and utilize further resources in their communities on DRR prevention and mitigation. The achievement of the proposed goal was further complimented by construction of small scale mitigation and WASH infrastructure. People in targeted communities got the opportunity for the first time in their community life to ensure the most utilization of water resources in their communities through having access to safe drinking water, irrigation and generation of hydropower.
      One of the key elements which ensured reaching to this goal was the active participation and contribution of wider community members toward implementation of project activities. And finally, community led structures took the ownership for continuation and maintenance of the foundation developed by AHDAA which is a positive point for sustainability of the action initiated through this project.

      1. Comparison of expected impacts with actual impacts including unintended impacts

      The following impacts have been ensured through implementation of this project in Daykundy province of Afghanistan:

      1. People in 3 targeted communities are now more equipped with structure, knowledge and skills to overcome the natural and human made disasters in their communities. This includes prevention before disaster, intervention during disasters and community support after disasters. Sang Takht-Bandar district of Daykundy is located in a mountainous location where it expect various natural disasters over the course of the year but through sensitization actions for wider community members, AHDAA ensured very high level of community participation in taking part to overcome disasters. The established DRR structures (CBDRM committees and task force groups) will help the targeted communities to properly mobilize and structure the community members to support their communities on DRR. AHDAA’s intervention in Dorop high school was quite valid decision where the school’s students are teachers are the key to further sensitize, mobilize and support the DRR incidents in their communities.
      2. Through construction of springs and pipe scheme, 504 community members got access to safe drinking water where women and children had to travel long distances to collect their drinking water. This work at one hand improve the health condition of the community members through having access to safe drinking water while on the other hand, it contributes to decreasing the level of violence and risks for women and children who do not have to travel long distance for collecting the water.
      3. Through construction of 19 latrines in 3 targeted communities, people improved their hygiene situation which led to their better health condition. It is worth to mention that the impact of latrine development in targeted communities ensured wider impact to neighboring communities where people from neighboring communities raised their understanding on the benefits of having access to latrines and got interested to replicate such concept in their individual houses. Although AHDAA did not see any latrines constructed in neighboring communities over the course of this project but few individuals already confirmed to AHDAA team members that they will build their individual latrines in the coming future.
      4. By having access to hygiene toolkits, people in targeted communities understood the value of their highline by using the soap and washing their hands. This task helped the community members to improve their health condition
      5. Through construction of spring, construction of water reservoir and establishment of pipe schemes for irrigation, 1036 Jiribs of lands have access to irrigation water where it contributes to a better livelihood situation of 16 households.
      6. Through construction of protection wall, 350 Jaribs of lands have been protected from risk of flood and ensured better livelihood opportunities for 84 families of farmers. People in targeted communities expressed that they are now more confident to investigate on agriculture as they are sure that there will be no risk of flood anymore.
      7. Through generation of hydropower system, the following impacts has been ensured:
      • 42 household family got access to power for the first time in their life
      • 164 house hold family benefited from irrigation water to irrigate 1306 Jiribs of lands
      • 164 house hold family got access to MILL services in their own communities which improves their nutritional condition.
      • Community level unity has been significantly improved through sharing the water, NILL where it was not the case before this project.

3.2 Contribution of results achieved and towards the reaching of the goals and the impacts stated; evaluation on the basis of the indicators defined in the project proposal

  1. Three CBDRM committees (consist of 42 members including 21 male and 21 female) have been established and functioning in 3 targeted villages and one CBDRM committee has been established in Dorop valley high school consist of 32 members including 12 male teachers, 4 female teachers, 8 male students and 8 female students. All committee members were selected from the pool of existing community members who are all committed for this work.
  2. To ensure proper management of disaster events, 12 taskforce groups have been established in 3 targeted communities (4 task force groups per community).
  3. 42 members of CBDRM committee and 80 members of task force groups have received training on DRR, conflict resolution and advocacy skills which ensures their active and professional participation in disaster incidents, solve conflicts in their respective communities as well as to advocate for their rights
  4. 611 school’s members including 306 male students, 289 female students, 8 male teachers and 8 female teachers
  5. 42 CBDRM committee members (21 male and 21 female) received 2 days training on DRR, 2 days training on advocacy skills and 2 days training on conflict resolution.
  6. 80 members of task force groups (53 male and 27 female) received 2 days trainings on early warning, search and rescue, first aid and shelter management. These trainings helped them to be prepared for response in case of disasters as per their individual role and responsibilities.
  7. 306 school male students, 289 school female students and also 8 male and 8female teachers received DRR training during project implementation period
  8. A total of 21 first aid boxes and also 21 DRR toolkits have been distributed to both CBDRM, task force groups (19 for CBDRM committees and 2 for schools) which ensured they are well prepared and equipped during disaster incidents thus, it decrease the life’s risks during disasters
  9. 3 exposure visits were organized among 3 targeted communities which raised the opportunity for CBDRM committee members, task force group members, CDC members and key governmental authorities to increase their understanding and support on DRR.
  10. A total of 400 people including 184 male and 216 female were sensitized on water born, sanitation and related diseases. All of these people received hygiene toolkits to improve their hygiene situation.
  11. Through construction of latrines, hygiene situation of the community members has significantly improved. Additionally the culture of safe latrines has been promoted among community members in targeted communities
  12. Through construction of springs and irrigation canal, water management has been ensured in targeted communities as well as further coverage of irrigation has been secured in the communities.
  13. 5. 2 water reservoir installed in 2 of the targeted communities (Kor joy and Sar Qul) which have increased access to 504 people to safe drinking water
  14. 6. One water pool is constructed in Sar Qul village to be used as a water tank for irrigation purposes
  15. 6.3 spring and 3 pipe schemes in length of 3878m in Sarqul village for drinking and irrigation water (Installation of 10 water taps) have been rehabilitated and constructed
  16. 7. 5 springs (6 taps) and 5 pipe schemes in length of 1036m in Dyar Miana have been constructed
  17. 8. 4 springs for providing irrigation water have been rehabilitated and constructed
  18. 7. 3 springs (9 taps) and 3 pipe schemes in length of 2500m in Dyar Miana have been constructed and rehabilitated
  19. Through establishment of hydropower system in Korjoy village, people in this village have access to electricity for the first time in their life. They also benefit from irrigation water as well as MILL services.

According to expected impact all the target beneficiaries benefited from the project. In this case we 100 % of the project’s objective has been achieved.

  • Analysis of Project Experiences
    Relevance of project activities, results achieved and impacts stated for the target groups and, if applicable, also for the project environment; evaluation on the basis of the target groups defined in the project proposal.
    As stated in the project proposal that most of the community members in Sang Takht Bandar district of Daykudny suffer from natural disasters especially the flood, avalanche and drought due to the fact that the targeted district and communities (Sarqul, Dyar Miana and Korjoy) are located in a mountainous areas under valley. This situation led the communities to experience difficult situation in terms of los of properties, land and human because of natural disasters, also having impact on their socioeconomic life. The design of the proposed project was in a way to answer to the practical challenges of the community members on their day to day life.
    Through the project implementation, the following impact has been noticed directly to the project’s beneficiaries:
  • Created timely response and early warning system by establishment of CBDRM committee, task force groups, DRR dedicated trainings and distribution of DRR toolkits and increased DRR awareness’s for teachers and school students and established CBDRM committee members. The results of the project shows that the target groups are now well prepared in different steps of disasters i.e. prevention, preparedness and response
  • Through advocacy skills training, people in the communities are now more capable to advocate for their rights as well as attract further resources for their communities
  • Through training on conflict resolution, people are now more capable to solve their internal conflicts instead of leading to complicated situations.
  • Through facilitation of hygiene orientation (training) for 400 people including 184 male and 216 female, the project ensured positive changes to the health status of community members. Additionally, it was also noticed that the participants who received hygienic trainings, managed to share their experiences with their family members and other neighbouring community members which has increased the coverage of training’s impact to wider community members.
  • Through construction of WASH infrastructures in targeted communities, a total of 504 community members improved their socioeconomic/health life in the communities
  • Through construction of irrigation system, a total of 164 farmers who were affected through disasters, they managed to come back to their normal economic life.
  • Through Rehabilitation of irrigation system 164 farmer’s agriculture productions 50% increased.
  • Through Rehabilitation of irrigation system 164 farmer’s family’s food security improved.
  • Through Rehabilitation of irrigation system, 164 formers families planted 9065 fruits and non-fruits were planted.
  • Trough Rehabilitation of irrigation system and construction pipe scheme, reservoir and taps 6 families returned back in 3 target villages.
  • Through construction of hydropower system, a total of 260 household family members got access to water, MILL services as well as 80 Jaribs of land got access to irrigation water.
    b. Assessment of experiences made in the cooperation with the target groups during the entire project period, including planning phase
    During project development phase, the team of AHDAA ensured active and full participation of relevant community members in Sarqul, Dyar Miana and Korjoy villages under Dorop valley – Sang Takht Bandar district. Through participatory approach, the following aspect of the project development has been ensured:

    • The project was fully designed based on community’s defined priorities expressed by the key community members
    • The project answers to the main needs of the community members
    • Community participation and role was clearly defined during project development phaseAn
    • opportunity was given for the community members to identify their capabilities in managing disaster incidents and thus, through practical involvement of the community members during design of the project,
      the following cooperation of community members has been granted during the implementation phase:
    • Community members ensured their full participation during project implementation period
    • Community members, fully supported the security management of this project
    • Community members granted their financial contribution toward quality implementation of the project activities ex. They have provided in kind support through facilitation of unskilled labor for construction activities as well as rehabilitation of 3 km road with the value of 4,249,500 AFS.
      And finally, it is worth to mention that the project activities would not have been possible to be implemented in such quality without community participation thus, their cooperation ensured quality project implementation as well as continuation on management and maintenance of the established structures when AHDAA withdraw

    c. Assessment of experiences made in project management as well as in the cooperation and consultation with other organizations and relevant actors

AHDAA internal level:
Although it was the first experience of AHDAA in Daykundy province but the project was designed based on a practical risk and needs assessment in consideration of the technical survey conducted during last months of 2015 and early 2016. In addition, the project was designed based on former experiences of AHDAA in DRR field and the lesson learnt during former project implementation in different districts of Herat province. The project activities were systematically planned in a participatory manner with AHDAA team as well as key community stakeholders where every parties involved in project implementation were properly clear about their individual role toward implementation of the project.

Stakeholder’s level:
During the project implementation period, AHDAA ensured its close co-operation with relevant stakeholders in Herat and Daykundi to ensure utilization of different experiences done in this field by other organizations. AHDAA actively participated in different coordination forums in Herat and Daykundy provinces which was an opportunity to understand on different developments made by relevant organizations which was helpful to define its activities accordingly. In fact, participation of AHDAA at Herat level coordination forums were not directly part of the project but in order for AHDAA team to be aware of the overall development context, AHDAA participated to different coordination meetings (WASH, FSAC, protection, PSN etc..). These meetings even at Herat level were helping a better project management in Daykundy province.

At community level:
As already described in different sections of the proposal, AHDAA maintained its close coordination with community led structures in order to ensure their active participation for project implementation. The community led structures were quite helpful toward implementation and sustainability of the project as well as they continuously supported the security aspect of AHDAA’s team to minimize the risk.

        d. Description and assessment of dealing with risks in relation to implementation and reaching of goals

There were 2 main risks that were raised toward project implementation:

  1. As the first experience of AHDAA in Daykudny, the weather condition were not well forecasted at the beginning of the project where some of the construction activities conflicted with cold weather in targeted communities and impacted on the initial timeframe of the project and thus, AHDAA had to request for no cost extension for the project. However, this was a useful lesson for AHDAA to consider its learning for future project implementation in Daykundy.
  2.  Although security in Daykundy is quite comfortable but due to the fact that there is no flight connection from Herat to Daykundy, AHDAA team had to travel by road to reach the targeted communities. There were some risks of robbery in some locations of the road. To overcome with this risk, AHDAA maintained its close co-operation with key community members who provided the full support and guidance for AHDAA team while traveling.
    Conclusions of consequences for future work are to be mentioned as well.
    Although it was first experience of AHDAA in Daykundy but since the project was designed based on a practical assessment and in consideration of practical needs of community members, it was quite great success for AHDAA, DKH and communities. DRR initiation was for the first ever experienced in targeted communities which was initially challenging to convince community members to consider it as a priority in their communities but later on after close work of AHDAA with community members, all Shura structures raised their full interest and support toward implementation of this project.
    Community participation was highly ensured and the entire DRR led structures were developed from the pool of key community members who shown high commitment for DRR intervention. This unique situation will ensure sustainability of the action.
    Community participation and very cost effective methodology used for this project was well appreciated by the district governor as well as Herat governor who granted their full support and appreciation for continuation of similar actions in the future. The project was an opportunity for community members to lead their own developments rather than waiting for an organization to initiate an activity for them. They have learnt to identify their needs and to approach the existing resources either through community themselves or through looking for external resources (NGOs, government etc…) which provides a message that they are committed to develop their communities.
    However, the implemented project was a small contribution to the DRR and livelihood needs of Daykundy province considering the highly level of demand and needs that community members have. DKH and AHDAA still require prioritizing further communities in targeted locations in order to reach to the most vulnerable groups living under these valleys.
    And finally, the entire community members as well as the governor in district and Sang Takht Bandar district in Daykundy are highly thankful for DKH who provide the fund for such initiation which has impacted the life of every single member of the community and they are kindly asking for continuation of these types of support in the future.

End of report


Construction rehabilitation water pool in sar-e-qul village

Construction protection wall by local material and planted 3

Construction of latrine in dyar miana village

Construction of hydro power

Water pool before rehabilitation in sar qul village

Rehabilitation of stream and construction of hydro power


Rehabilitation of stream and construction of hydro power

Rehabilitation and cultivation of agriculture land

 Installation electricity wire 3fas and 1 zero and installation of world Colum

Construction of protection wall by local material

Construction of protection wall by gabion for protection agriculture land










Copyright © 2018 AHDAA | Designed by Azin ADS