Within the country in General:
Overview of Central region:
Central region of Afghanistan is one of the largest regions of the country consist of province of Kabul, Parwan, Maidan Wardak, Sari Pul, Bamyan and Daykundi where these province are located around Kabul as a circle. Most of the central provinces are located in mountain areas. Different categories of population living in central region which includes Tajik, Uzbak, Hazara, Turkaman etc… the average of ethnic groups are vary from one to another province. Most of the people living in these provinces especially in Kabul consist of whom who work for the government as civil servant.
Most of the income generation activities in central provinces include agriculture, handicraft, Gardening and livestock. Most of these productions are consumed internally within the mentioned provinces while limited part of their production is reaching to national market. Considering the fact that most of the provinces under central region are located in mountain areas, they are venerable to different types of natural disasters (ex. Flood, earthquake, avalanche and partially drought. As other parts of the country, people in central region are suffering from health, education, agriculture etc… problem. There is partial security in Kabul, Parwan, Maidan Wardak and Baghlan while in the provinces of Bamyan and Daykundi, security situation is reasonable where very limited security incidences has happened in the recent year and these provinces (Bamyan and Daykundi) are considered as secured provinces by ISNO. One of the main reasons for good security is that most of the people are Hazara who live in these provinces.
Overview of Daykundi:
Daykundi, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 723,980 which is a Hazara Province.
Daykundi is short, it is located in central highland region of Afghanistan and is bordered with Ghazni to the east, Uruzgan to the south, Helmand to the south west, Ghor to the south west and north and Bamyan to the north east. The province covers an area of 16.655km2. Almost the whole province (96.6%) is mountainous or semi mountainous terrain while only 2.6% of the area is made up of flat or semi flat land. About 99% of the population lives in rural areas.
Since the establishment of the province nearly a decade ago, the province has extended its security having the best of all provinces and has increased education surpassing even Kabul in the number of those passing university entrance exams. The province, began its transition in December 2011, maintains its own security through the Afghan police and military.
While the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, the United Nations, and NATO‘s ISAF forces have had little involvement in reconstruction in the province, there have been some initiatives.
The United States began building new government institutions in the province. The insurgency problem and shortage of food continued until 2012. Several government officials have warned in October 2012 that “If the government or NGOs (non-governmental organization) do not address the situation with proper assistances, Daikundi would witness many deaths this winter.
The total population of Daykundi province is estimated to around 723,980, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural tribal society. The ethnic Hazaras make up 86% of the total population of the province followed by Pashtuns at 8.5%, Balochs 3.5% and Sayyids 2%. All the inhabitants follow Islam, with Shi’as the majority and Sunnis as the minority. Languages spoken in the province include Dari, Hazaragi, Pashto, and Balochi.
Food Security and Agriculture:
Daykundi is ranked as “high risk” due to acute food insecurity in winter and spring lean seasons and the populations’ vulnerability to shocks. 2.5 percent (9,716 people) are very severely food insecure and 20.9 percent (81,686 people) are food insecure. According to the 2013 IPC analysis report, 18.4 per cent of the population (75,587 individual) experience “crisis” food situation and 17.3 percent (71,068 individual) people live under “emergency”. Daykundi province is expected to shift from IPC Phase 3 (crisis) to Phase 4 (emergency) due to the drought expansion, inadequate food availability and poor access to markets. The continuation of dryness will exacerbate the already food insecure areas of Sangi Takht and Ishtarlay districts. There is significant annual deficit of wheat due to lack of arable lands.
Daykundi is highly vulnerable to negative health impacts due to the poor performance and coverage of the public health system, compounded by scattered population, harsh terrain, extreme weather and recurrent natural disasters. Difficult or no accessibility is a reason of very high vulnerability for 30-39 per cent of the population in Khadir, Gizab, Sangi Takht, Ishtarlay, Gaiti and Kajran districts. Low vaccination coverage is the cause of high vulnerabilities for 74.6% of population in Ishtarlay, Khadir, Gizab, Sangi Takht, Nili and Gaiti districts. Shahristan, Nili, Miramor and Ishtarlay districts recorded the highest number of diseases outbreaks in Daykundi.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene:
Daykundi is a high ranking WASH province and is prone to drought and flash floods. Cluster presence and access to the province is limited. Access to safe drinking water index is very high with low availability of water point per families and is a cause of high vulnerability to water related diseases.
Sang Takht Bandar disterict:
Sang Takht Bandr is is one of the big districts of Daykundy having 270km2 land (as per information from district governmental department) and has a total of 324 villages. As per information from AIRD, 59.3% mountainous, 28.2% semi mountainous, 4.8% flat areas, 5.9% semi flat areas. As per report from central statistics on (1391) Sang Takht Bandar has 86440 people population. There are 14 governmental departments active in this district where a total of 28 staff are working in these departments.
Security in Sang Takht Bandar:
Security in this district is fine and there is high possibility for NGOs to conduct their activities in safe environment. There are a total of 600KM length streets without esfalt and raising difficult movement for the people.
Education in Sang Takht Bandar:
A total fo 41 primary schools (only up to 3rd class) are active in this district including 37 mixed for male and female and 4 schools only for female students. Total of 8 secondary schools (up to 6th class) including 6 mixed and 2 female schools, 14 intermediate schools (up to 9th class) all mixed girls and boys and finally there are 19 high schools (up to 12th class) including 17 mixed for girls and boys and 2 only for girls. In total 15402 students including 8283 male and 7119 female are studying in these schools. 385 teachers including 223 male and 162 female. Out of the entire schools, only 8 schools are equiped with buildings.
Health in Sang Takht Bandar:
Life expectency is reported 65 year in this district and mortality rate is 5% for adult and 6% for children. Pregnancy rate for the women is 6 children pere women. 30% of the children got vaccination. Only 30% of the population has access to health services in this district.
The main diseases in this district include pneumonia, Tuberculosis, diarrhea, measles. In total 2 comprehensive health centers, 31 health posts and 8 pharmacies exist in this district. Maximum distance to the clinics from district center is 45km. There are no doctors in this district while the health services are mainly provided by the med-level workers.
Agriculture and livestock in Sang Takht Bandar:
85% of the population in this district earns income from agriculture and livestock and agriculture. There are a total of 104790 Jirib land in this district which shows and average of 2 Jirib land per family in this district. In total 15790 Jirib lands are accessed to water and 89000 Jirib lands are not accessed to water. 50% of the population has access to safe drinking water (10% people get water through hand pump, 40% gets through springs, 20% gets water through water well and 30% gets water from neighboring villages). No agriculture and livestock cooperation exist in this district. Around 80% of the population lives under poverty line, a total of 1000 women are the head of household and finally there are a total of 1800 persons with
During 2nd May 2017, a robbery happened in AHDAA sub office in Sang-Takht Banda district of Daykundy. In this robbery, fortunately no causality from AHDAA staff but around 11000 Afs, 9 mobile, 2 laptop computer, 1 camera, 1 GPS, 1 TV and 1 receiver. The executive director and project manager had to travel to the field for investigation and as a result the thiefs were not identified but policed raised their serious attention on providing better security services for AHDAA team. Community members and Shura structures ensured their full support and gurantee for facilitation of better security for AHDAA staff. And finally, AHDAA had to change its sub office and find a new house in a more secure area of the district.
1.2 Operational changes
The following operational changes have been done during the project implementation period:
Rest of the project activities remained the same and implemented as it was planned.
1.3 Cooperation with other organisations and aid agencies
Before the implementation of Project AHDAA ensured close coordination with NGOS who were working in Sang Takhat Bandar District of Daykundy such as( RCDC,RORA ,CRS, DACAR and OXFAM) to avoid any duplication of the project activities in the targeted area.
During the reporting period we had close contact with Economic ministry of Afghanistan, Economic Department, RRD Department, education Department and ANDMA Department of Daykundy province.
Also we had close coordination with district authority’s sectorial department, District CDC in Sang Takht Bandar district of daykundy province for implementation in the target area.
We had coordination meetings with CDC and 3 target Community (Dyar Miana, Korjoy and Sar e qul) for cooperation, community Contribution, implementation, Monitoring, Evaluation and Andover of the project to CDC and CBDRM committees in 3 targeted villages.
At Herat level, AHDAA continued its close coordination with national and international organizations through its active participation in in different cluster meetings (i.e. WASH, agriculture, FSAC and child protection)
1.4 Inputs utilized for project implementation, including staff, funds, goods, transportation, equipment and tools, and list of capital assets, explaining future use after project closure
1) Establishment of sub office in Drop Valley village
Since it was the first experience of AHDAA in Daykundy, at the beginning of the project AHDAA established its sub office in Sang Takht-Bandar district located in a secured location (Shenya Ghala). A reasonable house consists of 4 room, storage, hygiene facilities etc…. has been rented by AHDAA. The location and other relevant details of AHDAA’s sub office in Daykundy have been officially shared with district department and other relevant departments of the districts who provided the necessary support and orientation on security aspect.
2) Coordination with strategic project stakeholders in DRR and education at provincial and district levels.
AHDAA actively participated in stakeholder’s forums and ensured proper coordination with relevant governmental and nongovernmental partners in Sang-Takht Bandar district of Daykundy as well as at provincial level. As a summary, the following coordination activities were carried out during the course of this project:
a. Official registration of the project in Economy department was done and the entire relevant project documents have been shared with relevant governmental departments.
b.During May 25, 16 an orientation session has been conducted with relevant district departments participated by district governor, representative from national security department, head of police and Shura members (total 6 people). The session was chaired by Eng. Abdul Aziz Sarwary – Executive director for AHDAA. During this session, the entire project details (including its objectives, results and activities, project location etc…) have been shared with participants and also the AHDAA team emphasized on the role of governmental departments and Shura structures during implementation and monitoring of the project activities. This productive session provided the opportunity for AHDAA to ensure full governmental and Shura participation in support and monitoring from the project’s progress and contributed to a better quality of project activities.
c. During May 25th, 26th and 27th 2016, 3 coordination meetings were conducted with Shura members and key community members in Sarqul, Dyar Miana and Korjoy of Dorop valley. The meeting focused on introduction of the team and Shura members to each other’s, defined the role and responsibilities of the communities and AHDAA toward project implementation, established the working groups for DRR activities, agreed on a space for stock to store the construction materials (stock was contributed by community members), agreed on project plan and finally, to ensure better accessibility for transportation of construction materials, community members agreed to rehabilitate the street connecting Sheni-Qala to Sarqul villages.
d. Official registration of the project in Economy ministry is done in Kabul center of Afghanistan and toke letter from ministry to economic department of Daykundy for coordination to relevant department of stakeholders.
In addition to above mentioned coordination activities, AHDAA continued maintaining its close participation to different coordination forums in Herat province in order to stay informed about the recent challenges and developments in regards to WASH, DRR and other protection matters. More specifically, AHDAA actively participated to the following forums:
e. FSAC coordination meetings
f. WASH cluster meetings
g. Protection cluster
h. PDC-DRR coordination meetings
i. ACBAR meetings
j. INSO security meetings
k. Other meetings part of NGOs
During the reporting period, according to AHDAA, HR policy and employment procedure, in consideration of budget, the following staffs have been recruited for the project:
|Name of staff||Number||Position||Duration||Month||%|
|Eng. Abdul Aziz Sarwari||1||Director||11||month||15%|
|Omid Ahmad Fayez||1||Finance Manager||11||month||15%|
|Dr. Farhad Faqhiri||1||Admin Manager||11||month||15%|
|Abdul Sattar karimi||1||Logistic Manager||11||month||15%|
|Eng. Moh. Yosuf Etamad||1||Project Manager||11||month||100%|
|Said Abdul Wase||1||Admin/Finance Officer||11||month||100%|
|Omid Gul||1||Project engineer||9||month||100%|
|Abdullah||1||Community Moblizer/ Health educator male||5||month||100%|
|Bomaneh||1||Community Moblizer/ Health educator female||5||month||100%|
4) Purchasing/procurement and logistics
Hiring a vehicle for staff transportation:
In line with procurement policy of AHDAA and with consideration of available budget for the project, one FlyingCoach car has been rented for 11 months’ period to support the staff movements in the project field.
Procurement of office equipment:
In line with procurement policy of AHDAA and in consideration of available budget, AHDAA purchased the entire needs for office equipment in Daykundy. In total, 234807 AFN equipment have been purchased while 106077 AFN have been covered by the project and 128730 AFN amount have been covered by AHDAA. The entire equipment has been included in stock list of AHDAA. Further details about the type of equipment have been reflected in financial report
|1||Sub office equipment||Package||1||Office||Good|
|2||Equipment for construction||Package||1||Construction||Used|
|4||Steel bar 12mm||Kg||6353||Construction||Used|
|5||Steel bar 6 mm||Kg||252||Construction||Used|
|6||Steel bar 1/5 mm||Kg||95||Construction||Used|
|7||Polyethylene pip related connections||Package||1||Construction||Used|
|9||Hygiene Toolkit||No||567||hygiene toolkit||Good|
|11||First Aid Toolkit||No||45||First aid toolkit||Distributed|
|12||Gravel & Sand||M3||280||Construction||Used|
|13||DRR Toolkit||kit||21||DRR Toolkit||Distributed|
|22||Net for gabion||M2||2260||Construction||Used|
|23||Stone for Gabion||M3||753||Construction||Used|
|31||Pipe scheme maintenance Toolkit||Toolkit||3||Construction||Used|
The following materials were provided during project implementation
|No||Items||Quntitiy||Purpsoe of Use||Status||Remarks|
|1||DRR and Hygiene promotion manual||1200 chapter||For CBDRM committies and task force groups , teachers and students of targeted High schools||Utilized|
|2||DRR Toolkit||21 kit||To be used in Disaster risk reduction||Utilized||19 disterbuted in three target villages and tow disterbiuted in drop high schools|
|3||Hygiene toolkit||400 kit||For observing better hygiene and sanitation and change in thier live habit||Utilized|
All the Above items are registered in DKH project inventory which is maintaining and updating by AHDAA logistic officer.
The project purchased materials and assets which remain active after the project implementation will be attached in Logistic inventory and will be used in other DKH projects in future.
Project Activities Implemented
3.1 Project activities implemented and results achieved during entire project period:
Expected result 1:
Coping mechanism of the 3 targeted communities are strengthened in terms of DRR through the establishment of CBDRM committees and task force groups
Activity 1.1: Formation of 3 CBDRM committees (including male and female members in each community) in Diar Miana, Kor Joy and Sar Qul villages under Drop valle
After initial orientation sessions for key community members (i.e. Shura members, CDC members and other community elders), AHDAA organized meeting with participation of key community elders (ensuring women’s participation in the meetings) to discuss on establishment of CBDRM committees in targeted communities. In total 3 meetings were conducted in 3 targeted communities and as the result, 3 CBDRM committees have been established. The entire committee members consist of 42 members including 18 members (9 male and 9 female) in Dyar Miana, 12 members (6 male and 6 female) in Korjoy and 12 members (6 male and 6 female) Sarqul communities.
The following criteria have been considered for selection of CBDRM committee members:
The entire 36 selected CBDRM committee members ensured their full commitment to support DRR activities
Activity 1.2: Formation of one CBDRM committee in Dorop high school located in Shenee village
In close coordination with school’s teachers and students, one CBDRM committee has been officially established on Aug 13, 2016 in Dorop high school located in Shinee villages. The committee consists of 32 members including 12 male teachers, 4 female teachers, 8 male students and 8 female students. The entire committee members received orientation session (2 hours) on the role and responsibilities of the committee. The committee members expressed their full commitment toward mitigation activities during, before and after disasters in their respected school. Over the course of project implementation, the committee members from schools had shown quite active involvement in regards to preparedness toward DRR interventions.
Activity 1.3: Formation of Task Force groups in 3 targeted villages
In consideration of the methodologies and approaches described under activity 1.1 of this report, AHDAA supported the community members in 3 targeted communities to establish 12 task force groups (4 groups per community).
The following groups have been established in targeted communities:
The group’s members are varying from one to another group depending on the population size of the communities. Below table shows the number of group members in each of the targeted communities:
|First Aid Group||Shelter Management group||Search & rescue Group||Early warning group||Total|
|1||Dyar Miana in Sang Takhat and Bandar District||
|2||Korjoy in Sang Takhat and Bandar District||5||4||2||2||3||0||2||0||30|
|3||Sar e qul in Sang Takhat and Bandar District||7||7||2||3||4||0||2||0||37|
It was initially expected to include a total of 60 members under task force groups but after practical review on the population size and number of sub villages in the communities, it was decided by the Shura structures to allocate more number of community members for task force groups and thus, the number raised from 60 to 80 people (53 male and 27 female)
The main role of these task forces groups are to be prepared before and during disaster events in order to provide the relevant supportive actions for the community members who are at the risk of disasters. Indeed, they are the active players of disaster response’s cycles (including non-disaster doing preparedness actions, before disaster doing preparedness and early warning plus coordination and during disaster doing response and recovery actions and finally, after disaster doing prevention and rehabilitation actions).
Expected result 2:
Coping mechanism of the 3 target communities are enhanced through DRR awareness at community and school levels
Activity 2.1: Training for CBDRM committees and task force groups
During the project period, AHDAA organized the entire trainings that were planned as per initial plan of the project. The following trainings were organized during the course of this project:
The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 60% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 20% knowledge about DRR before the course and 80% at the end of the course.
Advocacy skills training:
The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 55% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 15% knowledge about advocacy before the course and 70% at the end of the course.
Conflict resolution training:
The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 62% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 18% knowledge about conflict resolution before the course and 80% at the end of the course.
It was initially expected to focus only on DRR and advocacy trainings for CBDRM committee members but considering the fact that AHDAA realized conflicts among community members especially on proper distribution of community resources, AHDAA decided to allocate 2 days training on conflict resolution and contribute in solving the internal community conflicts.
However, AHDAA ensured covering the entire dedicated topics for DRR and advocacy skills training through extending the daily time for trainings to cover all topics.
The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 54% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 16% knowledge about first aid before the course and 70% at the end of the course.
The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 72% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 23% knowledge about DRR before the course and 95% at the end of the course.
The comparison report between pretest and posttest shows 53% improvement to the knowledge of participants. They initially expressed 29% knowledge about DRR before the course and 82% at the end of the course.
And finally, AHDAA in close coordination with CBDRM committee members and Shura structures developed DRR contingency plan for each of the targeted communities. The contingency plans have been properly oriented for the community members where all committee members expressed their fully preparedness to activated the contingency plan whenever needed. (Annex 1. community action plan)
Activity 2.2: Training on DRR for school’s teachers and students in 3 selected villages
In close coordination with education department in Sang Takht-Bandar, AHDAA conducted one full day DRR training for 611 school’s members including 306 male students, 289 female students, 8 male teachers and 8 female teachers. These members were from Dorop high school in Shine Qala. Different methodologies were used for this training i.e lecture, brainstorming, group work, practical work.
Additionally, each participant received one DRR manual which covers the following contents:
Each participant received 2 soaps for hand washing and cloth washing instead of their refreshment in the training.
At the end of the training, 2 DRR toolkits have been distributed for Shanewaz head master of Drop high school which consists of the following items:
The school’s students and teachers were quite the active groups of people among the target beneficiaries who granted their full support for their communities during disaster events. They expressed that the training helped them to share with wider community members and prevent people from the risk of any upcoming disaster in their communities.
Training on DRR for key governmental members in Dorop valley During the project period, a total of 21 key governmental members received 3 days DRR training (Participants include: District governor, executive manager of district, technical manager, community manager, statistic manager, justice manager, Prosecutor, agriculture officer, education manager, Pedagogy manager, head of security, Investigation officer, security officer, finance manager, admin manager, head of clinic, head and deputy of district council and secretor of district council). In total 2 female and 19 male participated in this course. The training has been implemented for a period of 3 days (3.5 hours every day) during Oct 23-25, 2016. The main topics of the training include:
The training was conducted by Eng. M. Yosuf Etamad project manager of this project.
At the end of the course, all participants received DRR manual. And finally, at the end of the course, all participants expressed their full contribution and support for DRR preparedness and intervention in targeted communities.
Activity 2.4: Distribution of DDRR materials (First aid boxes and DRR toolkits) for CBDRM and task force groups as well as teachers and students:
A total of 21 DRR toolkits have been distributed for Drop high school (2 kits) and 19 kits were distributed for CBDRM committees in targeted communities. Each DRR tool kit contains:
Orientation has been provided for the entire DRR committee members on how to use and maintain the DRR toolkits. One person per committee has been appointed to take care of the toolkits. However, the toolkits are being kept in an accessible location for the entire committee members to use it during disasters.
Activity 2.5: Conduct exposure visit for 3 targeted communities
During Oct 26-28, 2016, 3 days exposure visits took place in 3 targeted communities (each day, the visit took in one community). In total 42 participants joined the exposure visit (The participants include community manager from district, 4 CDC members, 1 person from education department, technical manager of district, agriculture manager of district and 32 CBDRM committee members).
The main objectives of these visits were:
The following activities were carried out during the exposure visits:
The exposure visit provided an opportunity for the participants to discuss with each other on the ways to prevent disaster risks in their communities and they also had the chance to learn different ways to overcome in disaster situations in their communities.
A participatory approach was used for organization of the exposure visits where all parties (governable members and Shura) were involve in preparation and conduction the exposure visits. The exposure visit was followed by a clear ToR and structured questionnaire which was used as the main baseline for the exposure visits.
The entire costs of the exposure i.e. the transportation and lunches were provided by AHDAA.
Expected result 3:
The water quality and water security situation has improved at community level through WASH infrastructure and WASH awareness raising activities
1.3 Offering DRR dedicated Training/workshop for 1000 boys and girls students in 3 targeted Schools.
Activity 3.1: Conduct pre KAP and post KAP survey in 3 selected communities
Pre KAP survey has been conducted in 3 targeted communities (Sarqul, Dyar Miana and Korjoy). A total of 31 men and 24 women have joined the pre KAP survey which includes:
The main objective of this survey was to assess the level of awareness by community members (teachers, students and community members) toward DRR activities as well as hygiene.
A structured questionnaire for this survey has been used which was developed during former experiences of DKH and AHDAA in this field.
The result of pre KAP survey shows very poor understanding and practice of wider community members toward DRR and hygiene issues.
As it was discussed with DKH representative in Afghanistan, the post KAP survey is under plan for the end of June 2017 which will be analyzed and the report will be shared with DKH upon time.
Activity 3.2 Training for wider community members (including male and female) on how to prevent water borne diseases in 3 selected communities
During the period Aug 14, 16 up to Sep 20, 2016, AHDAA provided 13 session of training for wider community members on hygiene promotion, water sanitation and water source management in Korjoy, Dyar Miana and Sarqul. A total of 400 people including 184 male and 216 female:
Each training session was conducted for a period of 6 hours conducted over 3 days (2 hours per day). And the following contents were covered during the training:
In addition to the toolkit, each participant (total 400) received one hygiene manual which will be used as a future reference for their use.
The hygiene trainings were conducted by 2 (male and female) community mobilizers/health educators who were expert for this activity through receiving training by AHDAA. Further details about the result of this course will be shared through KAP survey report in June 2017.
Activity 3.3: Distribution of hygiene toolkits in 3 targeted communities
400 hygiene toolkits have been distributed for the people who received hygiene training (details about receivers mentioned under activity 3.2). Each toolkit consisted:
All hygiene toolkit distribution were properly documented by AHDAA where every participant who received hygiene toolkit had to sign on an item delivery format.
Community Led Total Sanitation Training (CLTS)
During implementation of project date of 14th – 17th Apr 2017 was conducted (CLTS) Training by Mr. Aminullhaq DKH Representative of Afghanistan for AHDAA staff and 3 CBDRM committees in Dyar Miana and Dorop Vally in Sang Takht and Bandar district.
Generally, the training continued for 3. and half days including one and half day CLTS office and field demonstration, the training started on 14th to 17th Apr2017 .
At the course of this training Sar e Qul village of Bander District has visited with the total population of 252 people and Deyar Myana village with the population of 480 people for CLTS field demonstration, at first in our arrival in the village, we could find the community so cooperative and more suggestions besides the general points, therefore the project staff could easily followed all CLTS village triggering, village CLTS field demonstration and showed good acceptance of AHDAA+DKH by local communities in Daykundi targeted villages.
Key Points in CLTS:
And visit all the different types of latrines along the way. It is important to stop in the areas of open defecation and spend quite a bit of time there asking questions
Forming a sanitation action group (drawing representatives from all the neighborhoods of the village)
Making a list or map of households and their present sanitation status
Developing individual family plans to stop open defecation. In the early days, related households often construct common toilets to share.
Digging pits and using them as makeshift latrines for the short term
Getting commitments from better-off families to start constructing latrines immediately
looking for suppliers of latrine construction materials.
Some picture at the course of facilitating CLTS training at office and CLTS field demonstration
Figur1-3: Shows facilitating CLTS training for AHDAA Bander staff, Group works and presentation of community social mapping by Abdullah and Bomana community facilitators
Figur4-6: Shows male and female group works and presentation of community social mapping by Omid Joynda Project Engineer and community facilitators
Figur6-9: Shows office CLTS demonstration by community facilitators Abdullah and Bomana Bander AHDAA sub office-Daykundi
Figur 9-12: Shows CLTS field demonstration (CLTS village triggering) and Transect walk (Walk of shame) by AHDAA male and female staff and Sar e Qul communities
Result 4: The 3 targeted communities are more avalanche, flood and drought resilient through construction of small scale disaster mitigation structures, rehabilitation of springs, construction of water reserves, establishment of pipe schemes, rehabilitation of water pool, construction of standing wall and generation of hydro power
Activity 4.1: Rehabilitation of Springs, construction of water reservoir and Installation of pipe schemes and taps in 3 targeted villages:
During the project implementation period, the entire construction activities have been completed. The following construction and rehabilitation activities took place:
Finally, the Mill got activated and the hydropower reached to individual houses where people benefit from light overnight. The hydropower has the capacity for 30KW which enough for at least 4 communities but at present, the electricity is only allocated for one community. Cost recovery system has been established by the communities where every family shall pay a monthly sum of 40 Afs per lamp that they use in their houses. The cost recovery fund will be then used for maintenance of the hydropower system which ensures sustainability of this work.
The overall objective of this project is: To establish 3 disaster resilient communities in Sang Takh and Bandar district of Daykundi province in Afghanistan
The overall goal of this project was completely achieved through establishment of sustainable DRR committees through community level resources and building the capacity of entire committee members and task force groups on DRR, WASH and conflict resolution. We believe, building the capacity of CBDRM committee members on advocacy skills will help them to attract and utilize further resources in their communities on DRR prevention and mitigation. The achievement of the proposed goal was further complimented by construction of small scale mitigation and WASH infrastructure. People in targeted communities got the opportunity for the first time in their community life to ensure the most utilization of water resources in their communities through having access to safe drinking water, irrigation and generation of hydropower.
One of the key elements which ensured reaching to this goal was the active participation and contribution of wider community members toward implementation of project activities. And finally, community led structures took the ownership for continuation and maintenance of the foundation developed by AHDAA which is a positive point for sustainability of the action initiated through this project.
The following impacts have been ensured through implementation of this project in Daykundy province of Afghanistan:
3.2 Contribution of results achieved and towards the reaching of the goals and the impacts stated; evaluation on the basis of the indicators defined in the project proposal
According to expected impact all the target beneficiaries benefited from the project. In this case we 100 % of the project’s objective has been achieved.
c. Assessment of experiences made in project management as well as in the cooperation and consultation with other organizations and relevant actors
AHDAA internal level:
Although it was the first experience of AHDAA in Daykundy province but the project was designed based on a practical risk and needs assessment in consideration of the technical survey conducted during last months of 2015 and early 2016. In addition, the project was designed based on former experiences of AHDAA in DRR field and the lesson learnt during former project implementation in different districts of Herat province. The project activities were systematically planned in a participatory manner with AHDAA team as well as key community stakeholders where every parties involved in project implementation were properly clear about their individual role toward implementation of the project.
During the project implementation period, AHDAA ensured its close co-operation with relevant stakeholders in Herat and Daykundi to ensure utilization of different experiences done in this field by other organizations. AHDAA actively participated in different coordination forums in Herat and Daykundy provinces which was an opportunity to understand on different developments made by relevant organizations which was helpful to define its activities accordingly. In fact, participation of AHDAA at Herat level coordination forums were not directly part of the project but in order for AHDAA team to be aware of the overall development context, AHDAA participated to different coordination meetings (WASH, FSAC, protection, PSN etc..). These meetings even at Herat level were helping a better project management in Daykundy province.
At community level:
As already described in different sections of the proposal, AHDAA maintained its close coordination with community led structures in order to ensure their active participation for project implementation. The community led structures were quite helpful toward implementation and sustainability of the project as well as they continuously supported the security aspect of AHDAA’s team to minimize the risk.
d. Description and assessment of dealing with risks in relation to implementation and reaching of goals
There were 2 main risks that were raised toward project implementation:
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